Adam’s representative headship accounts for the grandeur and the tragedy of human existence; it sets in motion the great trial that sets the stage for the fulfillment of all things in Jesus, the faithful last Adam.
The covenant of creation is implicitly and explicitly taught in Scripture, integrating both the legal and the familial aspects of humanity’s natural relationship to God and illuminating the character of Christ’s gracious work.
No doctrine is more significant for a biblical anthropology than original sin, although none has been subject to more criticism.
Human image-bearing was not lost in the fall (we retain our human personhood and dignity), but the exercise and purposes of the image have been spurned and perverted.
God delayed the deadly consequences of Adam’s rebellion, making space for the outworking of the covenant of grace through its promise and fulfillment in Christ.
Michael Dewalt serves as a humanities teacher at Cair Paravel Latin School and Adjunct Professor at Faith Theological Seminary and Lancaster Bible College. His undergrad studies are from Word of Life Bible Institute and Clarks Summit University, and his graduate studies from Puritan Reformed Theological Seminary and Faith Theological Seminary. He is a member of the Evangelical Theological Society and the American Society of Church History and winner of the Zwingli Prize Award at the Calvin500 Conference & Tour in 2009. Michael blogs here at Gospel-Centered Musings, has written numerous articles for Logo’s Calvin500, Place for Truth a voice of the Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals, and Heritage Book Talk and is published in the Puritan Theological Journal. He and his wife Emily have been blessed with one son, Wyatt Cash.