Bible Prophecy: Isaiah 53:3 says, “He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not.”
Fulfillment: John 1:10-11 says, “He was in the world, and though the world was made through him, the world did not recognize him. He came to that which was his own, but his own did not receive him.”
Bible Prophecy: Psalm 41:9 says, “Even my close friend, whom I trusted, he who shared my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.”
Fulfillment: Mark 14:10 says, “Then Judas Iscariot, one of the Twelve, went to the chief priests to betray Jesus to them.”
Bible Prophecy: Zechariah 11:12 says, “I told them, ‘If you think it best, give me my pay; but if not, keep it.’ So they paid me thirty pieces of silver.”
Fulfillment: Matthew 26:14-16 says, “Then one of the Twelve – the one called Judas Iscariot – went to the chief priests and asked, ‘What are you willing to give me if I hand him over to you?’ So they counted out for him thirty silver coins.”
Bible Prophecy: Isaiah 53:7 says, “He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth.”
Fulfillment: Mark 15:5 says, “But Jesus still made no reply, and Pilate was amazed.”
Bible Prophecy: Psalm 22:1-2 says, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, so far from the words of my groaning? O my God, I cry out by day, but you do not answer, by night, and am not silent.”
Fulfillment: Matthew 27:46 says, “About the ninth hour Jesus cried out in a loud voice, ‘Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?’ – which means, ‘My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?'”
Bible Prophecy: Psalm 22:7-8 says, “All who see me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads: ‘He trusts in the LORD; let the LORD rescue him. Let him deliver him, since he delights in him.'”
Fulfillment: Matthew 27:41-44 says, “In the same way the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the elders mocked him. ‘He saved others,’ they said, ‘but he can’t save himself! He’s the King of Israel! Let him come down now from the cross, and we will believe in him. He trusts in God. Let God rescue him now if he wants him, for he said, I am the Son of God.’ In the same way the robbers who were crucified with him also heaped insults on him.”
Bible Prophecy: Psalm 22:15 says, “My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth; you lay me in the dust of death.”
Fulfillment: Matthew 27:48 says, “Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge. He filled it with wine vinegar, put it on a stick, and offered it to Jesus to drink.”
Bible Prophecy: Psalm 22:17-18 says, “I can count all my bones; people stare and gloat over me. They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing.”
Fulfillment: John 19:23 says, “When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.”
And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”
Jesus Christ was forsaken by God. He affirmed this by His own statement, and He cannot lie. Our understanding of what this means is limited, and it difficult to conceive of God forsaking His beloved Son. But God truly did forsake Jesus Christ. What does it mean to be forsaken by God? Psalm 22 offers some insight. Christ quoted from this psalm when he cried, “why have you forsaken me?” Psalm 22:1;
“My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, from the words of my groaning?”
Thus it may be perceived as describing some of the experience of being God=forsaken. God was unresponsive to His cries as verses 1-6 show;
“My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, from the words of my groaning? O my God, I cry by day, but you do not answer, and by night, but I find no rest. Yet you are holy, enthroned on the praises of Israel. In you our fathers trusted; they trusted, and you delivered them. To you they cried and were rescued; in you they trusted and were not put to shame. But I am a worm and not a man, scorned by mankind and despised by the people.”
And far removed from helping verse 11 shows;
“Be not far from me, for trouble is near, and there is none to help.”
Verses 7 and 8 shows us that man was merciless in his hostility,
“All who see me mock me; they make mouths at me; they wag their heads; “He trusts in the Lord; let him deliver him; let him rescue him, for he delights in him!”
Yet God seemed absent in verse 11…
“Be not far from me, for trouble is near, and there is none to help.”
Christ was overcome by this sense of helplessness verses 12 and 13 read;
“Many bulls encompass me; strong bulls of Bashan surround me; they open wide their mouths at me, like a ravening and roaring lion.”
and was utterly powerless in verses 14 and 15;
“I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint; my heart is like wax; it is melted within my breast; my strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to my jaws; you lay me in the dust of death.”
The psalm describes crucifixion in verses 16 through 18;
“For dogs encompass me; a company of evildoers encircles me; they have pierced my hands and feet— I can count all my bones— they stare and gloat over me; they divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.”
Thus offering this answer: For the Son of God to be crucified was to be forsaken by God. Something none of us truly know, yet those in Christ will never have to endure.
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In yesterday’s post, “Was Salvation Through Jesus Christ?” a friend commented asking me…
“Salvation is always through Jesus Christ, but does this have to mean that he was the object of Old Testament faith?”
I would argue yes, the object of the Old Testament Faith was Jesus Christ and this is how I would argue for that.
According to Jesus, Abraham’s object was none other than Jesus himself. John 8:56 reads, “Your father Abraham rejoiced that he would see my day. He saw it and was glad.”
What was David’s object of faith? In Acts 2:29-31- 29 “Men and brethren, let me speak freely to you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, He would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne, he, foreseeing this, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that His soul was not left in Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption.”
Moses’ reproach of Christ greater? In Hebrews 11:24-26 “By faith Moses, when he was grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, choosing rather to be mistreated with the people of God than to enjoy the fleeting pleasures of sin. He considered the reproach of Christ greater wealth than the treasures of Egypt, for he was looking to the reward.”
Who was Job’s Redeemer in Job 19:25? As he says “For I know that my Redeemer lives, and at the last he will stand upon the earth.”
Pauline Theology: Romans 1:1-7 – Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God, which he promised beforehand through his prophets in the holy Scriptures, concerning his Son, who was descended from David according to the flesh and was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord, through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of his name among all the nations, including you who are called to belong to Jesus Christ, To all those in Rome who are loved by God and called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Romans 4:22-25 – That is why his faith was “counted to him as righteousness.” But the words “it was counted to him” were not written for his sake alone, but for ours also. It will be counted to us who believe in him who raised from the dead Jesus our Lord, who was delivered up for our trespasses and raised for our justification.
Galatians 3:9 – So then, those who are of faith are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith.
1 Corinthians 10:1 For I want you to know, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, 2 and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3 and all ate the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.
Hebrews 4:1 Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem to have failed to reach it. 2 For good news came to us just as to them, but the message they heard did not benefit them, because they were not united by faith with those who listened.
1 Peter 1:8 Though you have not seen him, you love him. Though you do not now see him, you believe in him and rejoice with joy that is inexpressible and filled with glory, 9 obtaining the outcome of your faith, the salvation of your souls. 10 Concerning this salvation, the prophets who prophesied about the grace that was to be yours searched and inquired carefully, 11 inquiring what person or time the Spirit of Christ in them was indicating when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the subsequent glories. 12 It was revealed to them that they were serving not themselves but you, in the things that have now been announced to you through those who preached the good news to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven, things into which angels long to look.
Revelation 13:7 Also it was allowed to make war on the saints and to conquer them. And authority was given it over every tribe and people and language and nation, 8 and all who dwell on earth will worship it, everyone whose name has not been written before the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who was slain.
(Post from David P. Murray)
Firstly, there has been a prolonged and sustained critical attack on the Old Testament by Liberal scholars. This has shaken the confidence of preachers and hearers alike in this part of the Holy Scriptures.
It is almost impossible to preach from large parts of the Old Testament without a knowledge of the historical context and geographical setting. However, while this knowledge was once widespread in many churches, most hearers now know little or nothing of biblical history, and preachers find it hard to interest their hearers in it.
In addition, the historical and geographical details mentioned above seem to distance the preacher and hearer from modern reality. The fact is that we stand approximately 6,000 years from the earliest recorded Old Testament event and over 2,000 years from the most recent. This opens up a “relevance gap” in the minds of many modern preachers and hearers. This is widened further by the fact that the New Testament makes it clear that many Old Testament practices are now terminated. So, why study them?
Dispensational theology, with its rigid division of Scripture into different eras and methods of salvation, tends to relegate the Old Testament to a minor role in the life of the Church and of the individual Christian. However, it has been surprising to me how many even in Reformed circles have a latent dispensationalism, which becomes patent in their confused and inconsistent view of Old Testament salvation – with ideas ranging from salvation by works, through salvation by faith in the sacrificial rituals, to salvation by a general faith in God plus a sincere attempt to obey His law. These legalistic views of Old Testament salvation inevitably produce less preaching from the Old Testament, and certainly less preaching of Christ and His grace from the Old Testament.
5. Bad practice
It must be admitted that one of the reasons why so many, even in Reformed and Evangelical Churches, have minimized Christ in the Old Testament is because they have seen so many bad examples of preaching Christ from the Old Testament – examples which expose the whole exercise to the just ridicule of a mocking and cynical world. However, the malpractice of some should not lead to the non-practice of others.
I concede that preaching Christ from the Old Testament is more demanding than preaching Him from the New Testament. It requires greater mental and spiritual labor to prepare and present Christ-centered Old Testament sermons in a comprehensible and engaging way – especially when we are not practiced in the art. For a busy pastor with two or three sermons to prepare each week, the well-worn paths of the New Testament seem much more inviting than Leviticus, 2 Chronicles, or Nahum!
7. Lack of models
Many sincere and devout pastors want to preach from the Old Testament, and they feel guilty about their failure to do so. However, when they look around for preaching models to follow, they find few men whose practice they can learn from. Then, in the absence of the living practice, they look for principles of interpretation that would teach them the practice, and this too is largely lacking.
8. Academic credibility
Finally, there has been a tendency in academic circles, even in Reformed and Evangelical academic circles, to minimize the place of the Son of God in the Old Testament. Passage after Old Testament passage is being evacuated of Christ to the nodding approval of the scholarly community, and few are brave enough to stick their heads above the parapet and question this trend. Little surprise then that preachers turn away from the Old Testament and towards the New in order to “find Jesus” and “preach Christ crucified”.